In the 1950s and 1960s, the British government conducted nuclear tests at Maralinga in the Australian Outback with apparent disregard for the people living in the area.
Yami Lester was a child at the time, and he remembers it well.
"We heard the big bomb went off that morning, a loud noise and the ground shook," he told the Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC). "I don't know how long after we seen this quiet black smoke — oily and shiny — coming across from the south.
"Next time we had sore eyes, skin rash, diarrhea and vomiting, everybody, old people too." Along with many others in the area, Lester soon lost his vision.
His campaign for the rights of the Aboriginal people who were in the area at the time led to the establishment of a Royal Commission, which went on to recommend group compensation for Maralinga's Tjarutja people and the clean-up of uranium contamination on their lands.
He was also a staunch land rights activist in the handback of Anangu Pitjantjatjara (APY Lands) to traditional owners in 1985, and central to the return of Uluru (formerly known as Ayers Rock) to traditional owners.
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